• RAE organized and convened a National Blue Ribbon Panel for explore tidal wetland carbon offsets.


  • In follow up from the Blue Ribbon Panel, RAE led a team to expand the rules of the Verified Carbon Standard to include tidal wetlands and seagrasses. 
  • The National Estuarine Research Reserve System (NERRS) Science Collabortive funds the "Bringing Wetlands to Market" project, led by the Waquoit Bay NERR, with RAE as a project partner to develop a tidal wetland greenhouse gas accounting protocol.


  • Wetland Restoration and Conservation (WRC)Wetland Restoration and Conservation (WRC) Requirements were approved and adopted by the Verified Carbon Standard.  
  • With support from NOAA, RAE initiated a first-of-its-kind assessment of the climate mitigation benefits of restoring an estuary. The Snohomish Study: a) measured carbon storage and sequestration rates in estuarine habitats, b) incorporated sea-level rise impacts on estaury habitats, and c) determined the carbon sequestration benefit of restoring tidal wetlands. 


  • RAE began a series of workshops for coastal managers on blue carbon science and how to identify opportunities in the region. 
  • RAE engages with members of Congress, the White House Council on Environmental Quality and other federal agencies and partners to increase awareness of blue carbon and encourage support for blue carbon ecosystem service valuation. 


  • Draft methodology (protocol) for tidal wetland and seagrass restoration GHG accounting submitted to VCS to begin approval process.
  • RAE begans developing process for wetland conservation methodology.
  • Snohomish Estuary Coastal Blue Carbon Assessment is complete - landmark study quantified carbon sequestration benefit of an estuary.



  • Tampa Bay Blue Carbon Assessment is complete - quantifying carbon sequestration over the next 100 years and providing management recommendations incorporating blue carbon. 
  • Initiatied first blue carbon feasibility study for the Herring River Restoration Project in Cape Cod, MA.
  • Created and led the Coastal Wetland Carbon Working Group to incorporate blue carbon into the U.S. National Greenhouse Gas Inventory with U.S. EPA, NOAA and Dr. Steve Crooks. 
  • Presented about blue carbon to over 690 stakeholders across the country through conferences, workshops, webinars and meetings. 


  • Galveston Blue Carbon Study complete - assessed the carbon storage and sequestration of natural vs restored marsh habitat in Galveston Bay, TX.
  • First time inclusion of blue carbon habitats into the U.S. National Greenhouse Gas Inventory, making the U.S. among the first countries to do so.
  • Initiated two more blue carbon feasibility studies in Naples, FL and Port Fourchon, LA. 

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