Restore America’s Estuaries and the Estuarine Research Federation partnered to develop a set of principles to guide all types of restoration, including large-scale and community-based restoration projects in our coastal estuaries. These principles emphasize the importance of a long-term stewardship approach to restoration and incorporating ecological sensitivity into all restoration planning and practice. They emphasize the need to establish clear, realistic goals for restoration activities at both the estuary and project levels, and the need to find ways to demonstrate to the public that progress is being made, even though full restoration of function may take 10–20 years or more. Finally, the principles emphasize the critical nature of building a strong public constituency to support habitat restoration. This report highlights the results of Year One of the RAE-ERF collaboration.